A close–up or closeup in filmmaking, television production, still photography, and the comic strip medium is a type of shot that tightly frames a person or object. Close–ups are one of the standard shots used regularly with medium and long shots (cinematic techniques).
The extreme close–up shot is traditionally used in film to allow the viewer to enter the character’s intimate space, revealing certain characteristics and emotions that would otherwise go unnoticed from afar.
The medium shot is a general, all-purpose shot. Medium shots are used for dialogue sequences, and they allow the viewer to pick up on the character’s movements and gestures. Body language is important to conveying emotion, and the medium shot remains close enough to capture that emotion.
Long Shot / Wide Shot
A view of a scene that is shot from a considerable distance, so that people appear as indistinct shapes. An extreme long shot is a view from an even greater distance, in which people appear as small dots in the landscape if at all
Over the Shoulder Shot
In film or video, an over the shoulder shot is a shot of someone or something taken from the perspective or camera angle from the shoulder of another person.